A revolution in space head out came to NASA on April 12, 1981—the space shuttle. The shuttle was not the same as anything NASA had ever created before on the grounds that it could dispatch on a rocket and land like a plane.
This ground breaking configuration made go to space—and in the long run the International Space Station—less demanding for astronauts. Before the space shuttle program, astronauts propelled into space in modules—like cases—and crash-arrived in water upon return.
Boats needed to then recoup the modules. The Columbia was the first of the NASA line of reusable space shuttles, including the Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavor shuttles.
One space shuttle was worked preceding the Columbia shuttle, however it never went to space—since it was never intended to. The Enterprise shuttle was utilized as a test for future shuttles, including trial of the arrival equipment, as indicated by NASA. So however the Columbia shuttle wasn’t the primary shuttle assembled, it was the first to influence it to space to and back effectively.
In 1981, the Columbia shuttle launched with two prepared astronauts on board. John W. Youthful, authority, and Robert L. Crippen, pilot, consumed off into room on April 12 and handled the Columbia shuttle two days after the fact, on April 14, as indicated by NASA. The effective arriving on the shuttle was only the start of the program that went ahead to keep running for a long time.
The shuttles were utilized to help manufacture the International Space Station and convey astronauts to space for their stays on board the station. It was additionally used to repair satellites and do explore in space, as per NASA.
That Columbia create was lost in 2003 alongside the whole STS-107 team following a blast that happened when the shuttle re-entered the Earth’s climate.
The Challenger was additionally lost after a blast that happened not long after departure in 1986. That group likewise died.
The space shuttle program was resigned in 2011 when the last space shuttle mission arrived back on Earth following its last stumble into space.